The evidence that there is a connection between physical activity and brain health is all the more. However, trying to find the reasons for that researchers wanted to look at the problem from another angle – what happens to the brain when our footwork is deprived of?
The results that Italian researchers have come to have shown that the health and condition of the nervous system depends on the signal that the toe muscles are sent to the brain and vice versa.
The research has given a new light to a well-known problem-why patients with motor neuronal disease, multiple sclerosis, atherosclerosis of the spinal column and other neurological diseases quickly experience worsening after their mobility becomes limited.
Poor physical activity results in the body getting more and more difficult to produce new nerve cells that allow a person to adapt to stress and challenges in life.
– Our research has shown that people who can not work with exercise, such as patients on the bed and even astronauts on prolonged space travel, not only lose muscle mass, but also change the chemical structure of their body at the cellular level. Also, it has a significant effect on their nervous system – explains Rafael Adami of the University of Milan.
During the research, mice were prevented from using their hind legs, while the foreheads could be used unhindered. The experiment lasted for 28 days, after which the animals were returned to their previous condition. Restricting the activity resulted in a reduction of 70% of nerve stem cells compared to the condition in mice using all four extremities.
Reduced activity led to a reduction in the amount of oxygen in the body, which created an anaerobic environment and caused changes in metabolism.
Researchers point out that their results show how important the movement is: “It’s no coincidence that people have the need to be active, to walk, run, use leg muscles to raise loads … Nervous system health is not a one-way street where only the brain orders muscles “.
The results of the research were published in the frontiers of the Frontiers and Neuroscience.